Non-Federal Population Censuses

There are other censuses that were taken in all (or parts) of the United States besides those between 1790 and 1940 in the years ending in “0.” There were some states that took censuses of their population in off census years–some of those records are available online at FamilySearch, state archives or historical society websites, or fee-based websites. There were a few states that took federal census in 1885 as well.

Do you know what state census records were taken for those places where your ancestor lived?