Did your 19th century immigrant ancestor have an international layover when they left the old country? Some Irish went to England or Canada before arriving in the United States. Some Germans may have had a brief stop at a port in England as well before heading to the United States.

If the layover was short they probably didn’t leave any records in the land of their layover. A longer stay may have resulted in the family leaving records in layoverland. No matter how long the stay, their “origin” on a passenger manifest may have been the place they arrived from (their layover area) instead of their home country.

And if your immigrant arrived in Canada before heading to the US, there probably is no record of the arrival in the US and the passenger arrival list you want is from a Canadian port.



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