When viewing your DNA “matches” take some care before you assume what the connection is or that there is only one connection. It is possible that:
one person has a “error” in their tree;
there was an adoption early in the lineage that was completely undocumented;It’s usually easier to figure out the relationship when the matches are closer.
the father (or mother) shown in an online tree really is not the father (or mother);
one of the “parents” was married more than once and the “parent” is actually the step-parent;
you may be related to the person in more than one distant way.
Don’t jump to a conclusion about “where in the tree” the match has to be. A recent match for me indicated a distant relationship to an individual. It turned out that we were distantly related on two families–one in Indiana in the 1820s and another in Ontario about the same time period. There was absolutely no connection between the Indiana and Ontario families at the time.
It just happened that a hundred years later an Indiana descendant and an Ontario descendant married in Illinois in the 1930s and that another Indiana descendant and an Ontario descendant married in Michigan around the same time.
A piece of genealogical information provided by someone who had first hand knowledge of the event is said to be primary information. Other information is secondary. The closer the information is provided to when the event took place, the more reliable the information is considered to be.
My knowledge of my exact date of birth is not primary–I know it because I read it somewhere or I have been told it. My knowledge of my age, within a year or two, is primary. Having gone to school since the “age of five,” I have a good idea of just about how old I am based on my life experiences. I can provide primary information of when and where my children were born.
My knowledge of my father’s date and place of birth is secondary. I’ve seen it written in various places–official and otherwise–including his actual birth certificate. Just because my knowledge is secondary does not mean that it is incorrect. Classification of information as information as primary or secondary is merely stating how the individual came to know the information.
Who, what, when, where, and (if you are lucky enough to know it) why a picture was taken are great things to leave behind on those digital images of photographs that you may have in your collection.
This 1985-era photograph of my grandmother and her niece was one of many in my parents’ collection of family history ephemera. Fortunately it was identified on the back, albeit in a handwriting which I did not entirely recognize. The only clue was that it referred to my grandmother as “Aunt Ida,” indicating that it was written by one of her nieces or nephews.
This was one of those photographs taken during my lifetime so the identification was not necessary for me, but the date was helpful. The location of the picture was well-known to me as my Grandma Neill’s kitchen and the pitcher in the red circle is one that I currently have.
Creating captions for digital images is a great way to ensure that future generations who see the image know who the individuals are. Metadata is great and helps with searches, but screenshots made of images do not include the metadata–text on the image itself can easily be included. Creating such captions can be an excellent genealogical activity when long-deceased ancestors have the researcher extremely frustrated.
Caption creation can also help the researcher remember stories and preserve those as well.
When requesting vital documents, be clear about what is being offered, what you actually want, and what you end up requesting.
The county clerk and recorder in the Illinois county where I was born have a copy of my birth certificate. It was created by some photographic process from the original certificate on file in the state vital records office in Springfield, Illinois. If I request a certification of birth from the county clerk, I will get a document certifying that they have a copy of my birth certificate. That document will state what the original says–including my name, date of birth, place of birth, and names of my parents. That certification of birth will not include a “reproduction” of the actual certificate.
Genealogists usually want an actual copy of the actual record–usually done by some sort of photographic reproduction. This cuts down on transcription errors by a records clerk reading an old record (not that MY birth certificate is all that old <grin>).
In my case the original has my mother’s signature on it–a neat addition that’s not on the “certification of birth.”
While supplies last, we are offering copies of Genealogy Tip of the Day the book at $17.00. The 286-page book contains an edited version of our earlier tips. We’ve removed repetitive content, promotional items, and “news” that’s no longer news. There’s more information on the book on our website–that page does not have a link to this offer.
If a veteran or his widow received a land warrant for service in the War of 1812, they had one of two choices:
haul their happy self to territory that had unclaimed federal land
sell the warrant and assign it to someone who did want to haul their happy self to territory that had unclaimed federal land
Then whoever had the warrant would claim the appropriate amount of acreage in the federal domain and surrender the warrant in exchange for title to the property. The warrant was what was used for payment or consideration. After the paperwork was completed, the individual who surrendered the warrant would receive a “first deed” (patent) giving them title to the real estate they had claimed.
The application to get the warrant (filed by the veteran or his widow) is at the National Archives. The surrendered land warrants are as well.
While DNA passes from parent to child, each child only gets half of each of their individual parent’s DNA. Consequently, as a lineage is worked back in time, there will be ancestors in your genealogical tree with whom you might not share any DNA. It doesn’t mean that the ancestor is not your ancestor. It simply means that their DNA did not makes it’s way all the way down to you. While DNA is microscopically small, there’s only so much your body needs.
Some suggest (for example, Blaine Bettinger in his The Family Tree Guide to DNA Testing and Genetic Genealogy) that once a lineage is traced back to the 4th great-grandparents that there are paper genealogy tree ancestors with whom you do not share DNA. That’s why you may share no DNA with another descendant of one of your 5th great-grandparents.
Of course there have to be ancestors in your tree with whom you do share DNA.
If a deed of transfer for a piece of property or other item indicates that the only consideration is “love and affection,” there is a likely relationship between the seller and buyer on the property. In fact, it might not even be technically correct to refer to the grantee as as buyer. On these deeds the relationship among the parties is not always stated.
Similarly, if the amount of the consideration on a deed is a token amount, say a “dollar,” that also might be a clue as to a potential relationship between the individuals involved.
Deeds that say a “dollar and other valuable consideration” may be referring to a mortgage or other document also recorded on the property. That phrase may also be a way of avoiding indicating the specific amount on the deed itself–although the tax or revenue stamps on the deed may allow the transfer value to be determined.
Ever wonder how fast the mail was one hundred years ago? There was a slight clue in an old pension file:
Letter dated 3 May 1907, Washington, DC–sent to West Point, Illinois.
Response to letter is dated 7 May 1907, West Point, Illinois.
Response received 9 May 1907, Washington DC.
The letter was a request for information in a pension file. There’s no guarantee of when anything was mailed and a date could easily be off, but the timeline was tighter than I thought it might be for 1907.
Just something to think about. Are there clues about the speed of mail in an old record you have?